Production of Murat 131 begins at the Bursa TOFAŞ automotive plant

December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 2.

Railways

  • December 29, 1897 During the Ottoman-Greek War, the Dersaadet-Thessaloniki peasant line played an important role in the fever of soldiers and ammunition. The government of Anatolia and the Monastery Railway Company reached 275,000 pounds.
  • December 29, 1943 Locomotives and freight cars are brought back from Germany.

Olaylar

  • 1845 – Texas becomes the 28th state of the United States.
  • 1890 – American soldiers killed at least 62 Native Americans, including 153 women and children, in what is known as the Wounded Knee Massacre.
  • 1921 – Circassian Ethem, who did not agree to be under Ismet Pasha’s command, goes on the offensive against the National Forces in Kütahya.
  • 1941 – NBC began broadcasting in Turkish.
  • 1976 – Production of Murat 131 begins at the Bursa TOFAŞ automotive plant.
  • 1978 – Iranian opposition leader Shahpur Bakhtiyar becomes Prime Minister.
  • 1982 – The 12th execution of September 22: Halil Fevzi Uyguntürk, who went to the land where the girl was working after the girl he wanted to marry got engaged to someone else in 1975, killed the girl, the girl’s mother and another person, was executed.
  • 1982 – 12th execution of September 23: Kazım Ergün, who killed the murderer, the murderer’s wife and son in 1974, was executed after the murderer who killed his uncle was released from prison with the amnesty law promulgated in 1974.
  • 1982 – 12th execution of September 24: Muzaffer Öner, who killed his wife and brother-in-law who had left home in 1979, was executed.
  • 1983 – Turkish Currency Protection Law was amended. Foreign exchange trade has been liberalized; Holding foreign currency is no longer a crime.
  • 1984 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, who was killed on October 31 in India, was replaced by her son Rajiv Gandhi.
  • 1985 – End of the ten-year civil war in Lebanon peace treatywas signed by Muslim and Christian religious leaders in Damascus, the capital of Syria.
  • 1989 – Writer Vaclav Havel is elected President of Czechoslovakia. First non-Communist candidate in 40 years.
  • The tram, which was taken out of service in 1990-1961, started operating on Istiklal Street.
  • 1992 – The Culture and Art Grand Prize is awarded to the writer Yaşar Kemal.
  • 1994 – Turkish Airlines plane named “Mersin” crashed while on a Van flight; 59 people died, 22 people were injured.
  • 1995 – The Kardak crisis erupts between Turkey and Greece.
  • 1996 – The 36-year civil conflict in Guatemala ended with the agreement signed between guerrilla forces and government leaders.
  • 1998 – Khmer Rouge leaders apologize for the 1970 genocide in Cambodia that claimed the lives of a million people.

births

  • 1692 – Franz Georg Hermann, German painter (died 1768)
  • 1709 – Yelizaveta, Empress of Russia from 1741 to 1762 (d. 1762)
  • 1721 – Pompadour, French Marchioness (died 1764)
  • 1735 – Thomas Banks, English sculptor (died 1805)
  • 1788 – Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish historian of antiquity (d. 1865)
  • 1800 – Charles Goodyear, American inventor (died 1860)
  • 1808 – Andrew Johnson, American politician and 17th President of the United States (d. 1875)
  • 1809 – William Ewart Gladstone, English politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1898)
  • 1809 – Albert Pike, American poet, general and 33rd degree mason (died 1891)
  • 1828 – Júlia Szendrey, Hungarian writer, poet and translator (died 1868)
  • 1850 – Tomás Bretón, Spanish composer, violinist and piano virtuoso (died 1923)
  • 1855 – William Thompson Sedgwick, American scholar (d. 1921)
  • 1859 – Venustiano Carranza, Mexican politician (died 1920)
  • 1861 – Necip Asım Yazıksız, Turkish linguist and historian (died 1935)
  • 1861 – Kurt Hensel, German mathematician (died 1941)
  • 1876 ​​- Pau Casals, Spanish cellist, composer and director (died 1973)
  • 1895 – Jerzy Hryniewski, Prime Minister of Poland (died 1978)
  • 1896 – David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter and muralist (died 1974)
  • 1903 – Candido Portinari, Brazilian neo-realist painter (died 1962)
  • 1910 – Ronald Coase, Anglo-American economist and Nobel laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1910 – Gunnar Thoroddsen, Prime Minister of Iceland (died 1983)
  • 1911 – Klaus Fuchs, German theoretical physicist and atomic spy (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Pierre Werner, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (died in 2002)
  • 1914 – Domènec Balmania, Spanish football player (died in 2002)
  • 1915 – Jo Van Fleet, American actress in theater, film and television (died 1996)
  • 1918 – Leo J. Dulacki, American soldier (died in 2019)
  • 1920 – Josefa Iloilo, President of Fiji (died 2011)
  • 1923 – Dina Merrill, American actress (died in 2017)
  • 1924 – Freddy Buache, Swiss journalist, film critic and historian (died in 2019)
  • 1927 – Giorgio Capitani, Italian director and screenwriter (died 2017)
  • 1927 – Yehoshua Glazer, Israeli football player (died in 2018)
  • 1928 – Bernard Cribbins, English actor, voice actor and musical comedian
  • 1928 Piers Dixon, British politician (died 2017)
  • 1929 – Yaşar Güvenir, Turkish pianist, singer, composer and lyricist (died 1998)
  • 1936 – Mary Tyler Moore, American actress (died 2017)
  • 1938 – Jon Voight, American actor and Oscar winner for best actor
  • 1939 – Ed Bruce, American singer, songwriter and actor (died 2021)
  • 1942 – Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor and filmmaker (died 2012)
  • 1946 – Marianne Faithfull, English singer and actress
  • 1947 – Ted Danson, American actor
  • 1947 – Cozy Powell, English drummer (died 1997)
  • 1948 – Peter Robinson, former Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
  • 1950 – Edip Akbayram, Turkish musician
  • 1953 – Thomas Bach, former German national fencer
  • 1957 – Brad Gray, American film and television producer (died 2017)
  • 1957 – Oliver Hirschbiegel, German director
  • 1959 – Patricia Clarkson, American actress
  • 1959 – Murat Yetkin, Turkish journalist and columnist
  • 1962 – Carles Puigdemont, Spanish politician
  • 1964 – Michael Cudlitz, American actor
  • 1965 – Dexter Holland, American musician
  • 1967 – Lilly Wachowski, American director
  • 1969 – Jennifer Ehle, Anglo-American actress
  • 1970 – Enrico Chiesa, Italian national football player and coach
  • 1971 – Besnik Hasi, former Albanian football player and manager
  • 1972 – Leonor Varela, Chilean actor
  • 1972 – Jude Law, English actress
  • 1972 – Jaromír Blažek, former Czechoslovak footballer
  • 1974 – Mekhi Phifer, American actress
  • 1976 – Katherine Moennig, American actress
  • 1976 – Danny R. McBride, American actor, writer and filmmaker
  • 1978 – Kieron Dyer, English international football player
  • 1978 – Danny Higginbotham, Gibraltarian national football player born in England
  • 1978 – Angelo Taylor, American athlete
  • 1979 – Diego Luna, Mexican actor, singer, director and producer
  • 1981 – Shizuka Arakawa, Japanese figure skater
  • 1981 – Berkay Şahin, Turkish singer
  • 1982 – Alison Brie, American actress
  • 1987 – Iain De Caestecker, Scottish actor
  • 1988 – Agnès Szavay, Hungarian tennis player
  • 1989 – Kei Nishikori, Japanese professional tennis player
  • 1990 – Tadas Simaitis, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1994 – Keiya Sento, Japanese football player
  • 1995 – Ross Lynch, American singer
  • 1996 – Minatozaki Sana, Japanese singer and TV host active in South Korea
  • 2000 – Eliot Vassamillet, Belgian singer

Armed

  • 1703 – II. Mustafa, 22nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (born 1664)
  • 1724 – Pavlo Polubotok, Kazakh hetman (born 1660)
  • 1743 – Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (born in 1659)
  • 1772 – Ernst Johann von Biron, Duke of Courland and Semigallie (born 1690)
  • 1825 – Jacques-Louis David, French painter (born in 1748)
  • 1829 – Henrietta (Nassau-Weilburg), wife of Archduke Karl, Duke of Teschen (born in 1797)
  • 1891 – Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician and logician (born 1823)
  • 1919 – William Osler, Canadian physician (born 1849)
  • 1924 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss poet, author and Nobel Prize winner (born 1845)
  • 1926 – Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (born 1875)
  • 1929 – Wilhelm Maybach, German engine designer and industrialist (born 1846)
  • 1935 – II. Photios, 264th Ecumenical Patriarch (born 1874)
  • 1941 – Hüseyin Şadi Karagözoğlu, Turkish theater artist (born 1890)
  • 1941 – Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (born in 1873)
  • 1953 – Fahri Bük, Turkish politician (born 1897)
  • 1956 – Baba Salim Öğütçen, Turkish folk poet (born 1887)
  • 1963 – Aleksander Ładoś, Polish diplomat, consular officer, journalist and politician (born 1891)
  • 1972 – Joseph Cornell, American sculptor (born 1903)
  • 1986 – Harold Macmillan, British politician and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born 1894)
  • 1986 – Andrey Tarkovsky, Russian director, writer and actor (born 1932)
  • 1987 – Emin Barın, Turkish calligrapher and bookbinder (born 1913)
  • 1988 – Sıtkı Yırcalı, Turkish politician (born 1908)
  • 1989 – Süreyya Ağaoğlu, Turkish lawyer and writer (Turkey’s first female lawyer) (born 1903)
  • 2007 – Phil O’Donnell, English football player (born 1972)
  • 2018 – Yehoshua Glazer, Israeli national football player (born 1927)
  • 2020 – Hatem Ali, Syrian actor and director (born 1962)
  • 2020 – Claude Bolling, French jazz pianist, composer, arranger and actor (born 1930)
  • 2020 – Pierre Cardin, Italian-French fashion designer (born 1922)
  • 2020 – Richard Choruma, former Zimbabwe national football player (born 1978)
  • 2020 – Josefina Echánove, Mexican actress, model and journalist (born 1927)
  • 2020 – Miguel Ángel Gutiérrez Machado, Mexican politician (born in 1960)
  • 2020 – Alexi Laiho, Finnish musician (born 1979)
  • 2020 – Luke Letlow, American politician (born 1979)
  • 2020 – Corrado Olmi, Italian actor and comedian (born 1926)
  • 2020 – Serafim Papacostas, Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Greece (born 1959)
  • 2020 – Luigi Snozzi, Swiss architect (born in 1932)

Edward K. Thompson