Today in History: Today is Saturday, May 21, the 141st day of 2022.

By The Associated Press

Today’s highlight in the story:

On May 21, 1881, Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross.

To this date :

In 1471, King Henry VI of England died in the Tower of London at the age of 49.

In 1542, Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto died while panning for gold along the Mississippi River.

In 1924, in a case that attracted much notoriety, 14-year-old Bobby Franks was murdered in a “thrill murder” carried out by University of Chicago students Nathan Leopold Jr. and Richard Loeb (the Bobby’s cousin).

In 1927, Charles A. Lindbergh landed his Spirit of St. Louis monoplane near Paris, making the first solo airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 33½ hours.

In 1932, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean when she landed in Northern Ireland, around 15 hours after leaving Newfoundland.

In 1941, a German submarine sank the American merchant steamer SS Robin Moor in the South Atlantic after the ship’s passengers and crew were allowed to board the lifeboats.

In 1955, Chuck Berry recorded his first single, “Maybellene”, for Chess Records in Chicago.

In 1972, Michelangelo’s Pieta, on display in the Vatican, was damaged by a man with a hammer who shouted that he was Jesus Christ.

In 1979, former San Francisco City Supervisor Dan White was convicted of intentional homicide in the murders of Mayor George Moscone (mahs-KOH’-nee) and openly gay Supervisor Harvey Milk; outrage over the verdict sparked riots. (White was sentenced to seven years and eight months in prison; he ended up serving five years and killed himself in 1985.)

In 1980“Star Wars Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back”, produced by george lucas opens in cinemas in the UK and North America.

In 1991, former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated during national elections by a suicide bomber.

In 2000, the death claimed the lives of actor Sir John Gielgud at 96 and author Dame Barbara Cartland at 98.

In 2020, President Donald Trump visited a Ford Motor Co. plant outside of Detroit that had been repurposed to manufacture ventilators; he did not publicly wear a face mask, but said he wore one when not in public view. A Michigan judge has sided with Governor Gretchen Whitmer in a challenge by Republican lawmakers to her authority to order sweeping restrictions during the coronavirus outbreak.

Ten years ago: President Barack Obama and other world leaders meeting in Chicago laid out a pathway out of Afghanistan that would allow their troops to fight there for another two years. Former Rutgers University student Dharun Ravi (dah-ROON’ RAH’-vee), who used a webcam to spy on his gay roommate, Tyler Clementi, who later killed himself, has been sentenced to 30 days of prison (he served 20). A Yemeni detonated a bomb during a rehearsal for a military parade, killing 96 fellow soldiers; Al-Qaeda’s branch in Yemen claimed responsibility.

Five years ago: President Donald Trump, visiting Riyadh, implored Saudi Arabia and other Middle Eastern countries to quell “Islamic extremism” emanating from the region. North Korea has fired a solid-fuel ballistic missile, saying the test was hailed as perfect by leader Kim Jong Un. The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus received their final standing ovation at their final show at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale, New York, ending a 146-year run.

A year ago: Thousands of Palestinians gathered after a ceasefire came into effect in the last Gaza war; the 11 days of fighting left more than 250 people dead, the vast majority Palestinians, and caused widespread destruction in the Gaza Strip. President Joe Biden has said there has been no change in his commitment to Israel’s security, but that a two-state solution that includes a state for the Palestinians remains “the only answer” to this conflict. Authorities said the two Bureau of Prisons workers who were supposed to guard Jeffrey Epstein the night he killed himself in a New York jail admitted they tampered with records, but would be spared a agreement with federal prosecutors; the workers were accused of sleeping and browsing the internet instead of watching Epstein.

Today’s birthday: R&B singer Ron Isley (The Isley Brothers) turns 81. Musician Bill Champlin is 75 years old. Singer Leo Sayer is 74 years old. Actor Carol Potter is 74 years old. Former Sen. Al Franken, D-Minn., is 71. Actor Mr. T is 70 years old. Music producer Stan Lynch is 67. Actor Judge Reinhold is 65 years old. Actor-director Nick Cassavetes is 63 years old. Actor Lisa Edelstein is 56 years old. Actor Fairuza Balk is 48 years old.

Singer and rock musician Mikel Jollett (Airborne Toxic Event) is 48 years old. Rapper Havoc (Mobb Deep) is 48 years old. Rock musician Tony LoGerfo (Lukas Nelson & Promise of the Real) is 39. Actor Sunkrish Bala is 38 years old. Actor David Ajala is 36 years old. Actor Ashlie Brillault is 35 years old. Country singer Cody Johnson is 35. Actor Scott Leavenworth is 32 years old. Actress Sarah Ramos is 31 years old.

Edward K. Thompson